FACTS ABOUT SERBIA
Republic of Serbia is a country located partly in the Southeast of Europe – on the Balkan Peninsula (75% of the territory), and partly in the Central Europe – in the Pannonian Basin, (25% of its territory), covering a total area of 88,407 km2.
In the North, Serbia shares borders with Hungary, in the East with Romania and Bulgaria, in the South with Macedonia and Albania, and in the West with Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Serbia’s capital is Belgrade. Climate of Serbia is moderate continental.
MORE ABOUT SERBIA
Crossed by many rivers Serbia nowadays gives an impression of a mosaic of unique natural landscapes. Western Serbia with the national park Tara and its canyons and lakes, most visited mountain Zlatibor, monastery heritage of the “Lilac Valley”, river Drina and cinematic ethnic village Drvengrad is one of the most beautiful parts of the country. Eastern Serbia can compete in beauty and lets you enjoy Đerdap gorge, the most marvellous part of Danube’s flow. Southern Serbia is proud of Devil’s Town, unique natural phenomenon nominated to be new Wonder of the World. Northern Vojvodina region differs with its natural reserves, various fauna and wine terraces that reflect in waters of Sava, Tisa and Danube.
RICH CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE
Being for centuries official border of Ottoman and Hapsburg Empires, Islamic and Сhristian religions, different customs and traditions, the country nowadays represents a perfect mix of all three cultures. Kalemegdan Fortress, Bajrakli mosque, Petrovaradin and Gardoš quarts are just several sights that tell the story of that era. Roman monuments of Viminacium and Felix Romuliana, Byzantine Justiniana Prima and communistic edifices and colossal architecture of the second part of the 20th century are the reason why Serbia is said to be a history textbook of this part of Europe.
The official language is Serbian, while the official script is Cyrillic. Since Serbia is a country that has many ethnically versatile regions, in its multinational environment other languages such as Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, and Croatian are also in use. Latin script, which is very widespread in Serbia, is also learned in schools.
Serbia is a country where some of the world’s greatest minds have been born. Serbian scientist Nikola Tesla was the “father of electricity.” The world’s most accurate calendar is the work of another famous Serbian scientist, Milutin Milanković. Serbian scientist Mihajlo Pupin participated in the very founding of NASA. He won the Pulitzer Prize and thus became the first Serb who was awarded with this prestigious award. Mihajlo Pupin patented an invention that perfected the phone and allowed us to talk across large distances, and hear each other clearly while enjoying the connection without noise. Serbia has been the home of many famous works and artists, and some of them have reached the world fame and placed Serbia on a world map. Serbia is a small country that gave many great champions. Serbian athletes came out as worldwide champions. Serbia gave best tennis player in the world, Novak Đoković. A man Serbia is proud of is Vlade Divac, one of the first European who played significant role in the NBA league. Serbian athletes are very successful and world famous in athletics, archery,wrestling and taekwondo.
Country very turbulent history had left a mark also in its food. Each conquer that came and ruled Serbia, has left some distinguish characteristic of their originate food. Ottomans, Austro-Hungarians, and many other have the influence to the Serbian cuisine, and even now a lot of recipes have remained. Influences on Serbian cuisine have been rich and varied – it first began as a mixture of Greek, Bulgarian, Turkish and Hungarian cooking.
Generally, Serbs are real gastronomes, enjoying in preparing the food and eating it. The most conventional wisdom among Serbs is that it is better to eat more because “strength goes in through the mouth” and “a passionate eater is a passionate was Serbs are very well-known by their hospitality, in this beautiful country you`ll definitely never be hungry. Everywhere you go, you will be welcomed, most probably with a home-made rakija at first, and then with a rich table full of food. Rakija is a kind of brandy, original Serbian drink that can be made from various kinds of fruits and herbs as well. The best known is “šljivovica”, rakija made of plum. Serbian specialties you have to taste are: burek, gibanica, grilled meat, roast, Karađorđeva steak, cabbage rolls, goulash, đuveč (a type of a stew), moussaka, mućkalica (a mixture of different types of meat and vegetables in a form of a stew), čvarci (similar to pork rinds), kajmak (milk cream), pršuta (dry-cured ham, similar to Prosciutto), and sour milk.
Every region has its own specialities. Serbia is also very well known by its wines.
Night life is definitely something can’t be missed in Serbia, especially in Belgrade and Novi Sad. As the night life capital of entire Balkan, Belgrade in other countries is famous as the “Party city”. Serbian nightlife is often described by many important individuals in the world of tourism as being among the best in Europe.It attracts thousands of visitors every weekend. Everything missing in other European capitals can be found in Belgrade. Restaurants with DJs, a cultural phenomenon, known only in this region, is the popular “splavovi” (rafts), which have grown from simple rest and relaxation places, to world famous kafanas with authentic Serbian tamburica music and Gypsy orchestras are one of the reasons why so many tourists go to Serbia for bachelor parties, anniversaries, celebrations and team-buildings. Night life offer of Serbia is fulfilled with highly visited festivals EXIT, Guča, Belgrade Beer Fest and Love Fest.